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Increasing globalisation generates an environment of diversities that not only conditions but also determines the development of contemporary societies. As a consequence of this transformation, interaction between individuals with different characteristics and, therefore, with equally diverse needs, expectations, values or motivations, becomes more likely. 

It has been amply demonstrated that the capacity of societies to develop lies fundamentally in their human capital, understood as the body of knowledge, skills and abilities that citizens bring to the table. It is therefore easy to understand that, to realise their full potential, human communities need to be able not only to avoid the exclusion of diverse groups, but also to promote their effective inclusion. While there may of course be problems associated with heterogeneity, the potential benefits derived from it make it imperative to approach diversity in a positive way, as a reality rather than a problem to be minimised.

It has been widely demonstrated that the capacity of societies to develop lies fundamentally in their human capital, understood as the body of knowledge, skills and abilities of citizens.

The need to include new human resources of different kinds (by gender, age, race, origin, level of education, family situation,...) is more than just a philanthropic slogan, it is a key factor for regional, economic, social and individual development.

The IEGD has designed a system of indicators (4i). Through the set of measures it proposes, it is possible to measure progress, inclusive behaviour and policies, as well as the attractiveness of the city, or in other words, the extent to which it can be referred to as a "preferred city to live, work and invest in".

With this in mind, an information system is designed to assess all these issues, which will serve as a barometer with which to make value judgements based on objective information and which can be used as a guide for the behaviour of political, business or civil society agents.


The "4i Indicator System" is made up of four large blocks of measures that describe the four basic dimensions of the phenomenon we are analysing


This measures the capacity to integrate different segments of the city's population. With this block of indicators, the following aspects are identified:


Its growth both naturally and through immigration

Demographic profile

In attributes such as gender, age, disability, religion, labour force, or different degrees of dependency.

Use of Leisure Time

Como una expresión de la calidad de vida, y del adecuado balance entre la vida profesional y familiar.


As a reflection of the level and distribution of knowledge/talent among citizens. This measures their capacity to contribute to the efficiency of the productive fabric (companies) of the region, in matters such as:

Labour force

In a special way taking into account the particular situation of different demographic segments (gender, immigrants, disabled, etc.).


Quantitative and qualitative distribution of the knowledge and talent of the city's human capital.


To assess the extent to which the city is capable of attracting and retaining investments that stimulate the economy, create jobs and generate wealth and economic value. In this sense, the aspects to be assessed are the following:

Economic dynamics

Such as the number of businesses operating, those being created or closing down, as well as the financial fabric that can support local business development.


Appreciating the degree of openness of the local economy and society, and the positive interaction between it and other regions of the world


To measure the capacity of citizens, researchers, companies or institutions to generate knowledge that strengthens the development and sustainability of society. Specifically, it assesses:

Research & Development

Nnew products and patents, and use of new technologies


As an assessment of the level of effectiveness of organisations

Information Technology

As an estimate of the degree of technological immersion


With the intention of assessing the contribution of the different agents to the protection of the natural environment.

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