European Union Directives
In 2000, the European Union formulated Directives to give a framework for Member States to establish local legislation that guarantees equal opportunities to all people based on respect and inclusion of their cultural and demographic diversities.
Currently, the EU non-discrimination Directives prohibit direct or indirect discrimination on grounds of:
• Race or ethnic origin
• Religion or belief
• Sexual orientation
The scope of protection against discrimination varies for the different grounds listed above on the area of employment and training. Directives also extend to the areas of education, housing, provision of goods and services, etc.
These texts also contain precise definitions of direct and indirect discrimination and of harassment. They also provide direction that allows certain exceptions to the principle of equal opportunities, which are defined as legitimate in a limited range of circumstances.
Both Directives prohibit four types of discriminatory behaviour:
• Direct Discrimination
• Indirect Discrimination
• Instruction to discriminate
The directives provide a minimum standard in non-discrimination law for all member states. Member states have an obligation to transpose the directives into national law and can only improve upon the minimum standard, they cannot have national legislation that goes below that standard.
• European Union
Treaty of Amsterdam, 1999 (art.13)
Treaty of Lisbon, 2000
Directive against racial and ethnic discrimination, 2000/43/EC
Directive against age, disability, sexual orientation, religion or relieve 2000/78/EC- Applicable 2003-2006
2001-2006 Community Action Programme
EU Charter Fundamental Rights
"United in Diversity “ Europe offers the best possibilities to advance in a grand adventure of a single space of privilege for human hope”
Legislation in Spain
The Spanish legislation has advanced in the creation of a legal framework to regulate the behaviour of personas and institutions oriented to create a supportive environment that fosters the development of genuine equal opportunities to respond to the reality of the diverse profiles of peoples.
Spain has advanced in the application of the EU Directives in different phases and at the rhythm that its social agents have been able to integrate these laws.
Directives 2000/43 and 78 y 2002/73
Law 13/1982, integration of disabled persons
Statute of the Workers, art. 4
Present project of law of Equality
Legal dimension of the Diversity
Law of Equality
Diversity in Business - How much progress have employers Made
Por la diversidad. Contra la discriminación
La Constitución Europea